8 June 1988 Push-Pull Liquid Crystal Modulator For Electronic Stereoscopic Display
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Proceedings Volume 0902, Three-Dimensional Imaging and Remote Sensing Imaging; (1988); doi: 10.1117/12.944734
Event: 1988 Los Angeles Symposium: O-E/LASE '88, 1988, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
A new type of large liquid crystal modulator, the ZScreen(R), has been developed for use in a stereoscopic display system and has been put into production by StereoGraphics Corporation. The fabrication of large area surface mode liquid crystal cells requiring extreme uniformity of thickness has been achieved in a two year development program. Two of these cells are placed in optical series, with their alignment axes orthogonal. Laminated to the liquid crystal cells is a linear polarizer whose absorption axis besects the alignment axes of the liquid crystal cells. When placed in intimate juxtaposition with a CRT display with the linear polarizer facing the CRT screen, and when the cells are driven electrically out of phase, the light output of the CRT is alternately left and right handed circularly polarized. When this so-called push-pull modulator is viewed through passive circularly pollarized spectacles worn by an observer, a shutter is formed having a high dynamic range. Each eye of the observer is sequentially occluded. By properly choosing the parameters of construction, such a liquid crystal modulator can have a broad cone of view, high dynamic range, and good transmission. This type of modulator is superior to a single liquid crystal cell modulator since it has fast and symmetrical rise- and decay times and identical dynamic range for both eyes. These features are of particular importance in a field-sequential stereoscopic system, because the rise and decay time of such a shutter should take place substantially within the vertical blanking interval, which is generally on the order of a millisecond. The 9-inch diagonal versions of the modulator have been in production since the last quarter of 1986 and now are being supplied in up to 19-inch diagonal sizes for computer graphics and video displays.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lenny Lipton, Arthur Berman, "Push-Pull Liquid Crystal Modulator For Electronic Stereoscopic Display", Proc. SPIE 0902, Three-Dimensional Imaging and Remote Sensing Imaging, (8 June 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.944734; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.944734
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KEYWORDS
Modulators

Liquid crystals

Video

Linear polarizers

Camera shutters

Eye

Circular polarizers

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