24 June 1988 Effect Of Platinum-Drug Binding On The Flexibility Of Dna Determined By Time-Dependent Fluorescence Depolarization
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Proceedings Volume 0909, Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy in Biochemistry; (1988) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.945397
Event: 1988 Los Angeles Symposium: O-E/LASE '88, 1988, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
The interactions of calf thymus DNA with the chemotherapeutic drug cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II), and with the clinically ineffective trans-isomer, have been studied by time-dependent fluorescence depolarization of intercalated ethidium. The effect of binding these compounds on the flexibility of DNA has been determined by monitoring the rapid internal torsional and bending motions of the DNA via depolarization of the ethidium fluorescence. The depolarization data are analyzed with an elastic model of DNA dynamics and yield an estimate of the torsional rigidity of DNA. Binding of the cis-isomer to DNA has a pronounced effect on the torsional rigidity, causing increased rigidity at low binding levels and decreased rigidity at high levels. These results are discussed in terms of intrastrand cross-link formation and local melting of DNA duplex-structure. The torsional rigidity of DNA is unaffected by binding of the trans-isomer. The possible relevance of these alterations of DNA flexibility to the selective drug action of the cis-isomer is considered.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
D P Millar, K M Ho, M J Aroney, "Effect Of Platinum-Drug Binding On The Flexibility Of Dna Determined By Time-Dependent Fluorescence Depolarization", Proc. SPIE 0909, Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy in Biochemistry, (24 June 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945397; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.945397
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