22 June 1988 Measurement Of Atomic Oscillator Strengths Using Pulsed Single-Frequency Dye Lasers
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Proceedings Volume 0912, Pulse Single-Frequency Lasers: Technology and Applications; (1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945525
Event: 1988 Los Angeles Symposium: O-E/LASE '88, 1988, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
We have used two methods to measure the oscillator strength of the transition between the ground and 17992 cm-1 level in 174Yb. The first technique involves exciting the transition with a laser pulse that is nearly time-bandwidth limited, of uniform intensity, and has a reproducible shape from shot to shot. The population left in the excited state after the pulse varies sinusoidally with a period that depends on the integral over time of the electric field amplitude and the transition oscillator strength. These are the Rabi oscillations that are predicted by application of the Schrodinger equation to the two-level atom. The excited-state population is probed using a two-step photoionization to the continuum. The electric field amplitude is determined from the temporal profile and the intensity of the laser pulse. The second method involves observation of the polarization rotation of a set of degenerate sublevels brought about by a time-bandwidth limited light-shift laser. One sublevel (mj = 0) of the J = 1 level at 17992 cm-1 is populated by a linearly polarized laser. A second copropagating light-shift laser, which is linearly polarized at an angle to the first laser, is tuned between 7.5 and 30 GHz off-resonance with the transition. The light-shift laser causes population to be promoted into the mi = ±1 levels by a virtual transition through the ground J = 0, = 0 level. Two linearly polarized photoionizing lasers photoionize the population only from the mi = ±1 levels. The photoion signal oscillates sinusoidally with a period that depends only on the integrated pulse intensity, the laser detuning, and the transition oscillator strength.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
C Haynam, B Comaskey, M Johnson, J Paisner, E Worden, "Measurement Of Atomic Oscillator Strengths Using Pulsed Single-Frequency Dye Lasers", Proc. SPIE 0912, Pulse Single-Frequency Lasers: Technology and Applications, (22 June 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945525; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.945525
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KEYWORDS
Oscillators

Pulsed laser operation

Dye lasers

Chemical species

Ytterbium

Polarization

Laser applications

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