Imaging sensors for machine vision systems include area sensors found in tube and solid state video cameras, linear arrays, and point detectors used in flying spot scanners. This paper summarizes the performance of several types of imaging sensors and critically reviews their performance for demanding machine vision inspection tasks which require discrimination of several colors, shades of grey, or levels of depth. Evaluation examples are included to illustrate measurement techniques which can be used to assess the performance of imaging systems.
Donald J. Svetkoff,
"A Comparison Of Machine Vision Sensors", Proc. SPIE 0959, Optomechanical and Electro-Optical Design of Industrial Systems, (14 November 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.947780; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.947780