In the past 15 years, a dozen or so designs have been proposed for compact optical correlators. Of these, maybe one-third of them have actually been built and only a few of those tested. This paper will give an overview of some of the systems that have been built as well as mention some promising early and current designs that have not been built. The term compact, as used in the title of this paper, will be applied very loosely; to mean smaller than a laboratory size optical table. To date, only one correlator has been built and tested that actually can be called miniature. This softball size correlator was built by the Perkin-Elmer Corporation for the U. S. Army Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. More will be said about this correlator in following sections.
Don A. Gregory,
James C. Kirsch,
"Compact Optical Correlators", Proc. SPIE 0960, Real-Time Signal Processing for Industrial Applications, (8 February 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.947794; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.947794