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The literature pertaining to hydrogen defects dissolved in lithium niobate has been reviewed. Particular attention has been given to the infra-red absorption spectra. The polarization variations of the spectra give indications about the structure of hydrogen defects in lithium niobate. In undoped crystals hydrogen defects sit in the close-packed oxygen plane, adjacent to vacant octahedral sites that result from nonstoichiometry. In magnesium doped crystals the observed threshold effect influences the hydrogen site; at low Mg concentrations there are sufficient vacant octahedral sites, but at high concentrations the hydrogen must sit adjacent to cations and are therefore pushed out of the close-packed oxygen plane. This changes the IR spectra. The hydrogen solution model is discussed with respect to optical damage effects in lithium niobate.
© (1989) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dunbar P. Birnie III "Hydrogen Defects And Optical Damage In LiNbO3", Proc. SPIE 0968, Ceramics and Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Nonlinear Conversion, (17 January 1989);

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