19 October 2016 Retrieval of background surface reflectance with BRD components from pre-running BRDF
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Many countries try to launch satellite to observe the Earth surface. As important of surface remote sensing is increased, the reflectance of surface is a core parameter of the ground climate. But observing the reflectance of surface by satellite have weakness such as temporal resolution and being affected by view or solar angles. The bidirectional effects of the surface reflectance may make many noises to the time series. These noises can lead to make errors when determining surface reflectance. To correct bidirectional error of surface reflectance, using correction model for normalized the sensor data is necessary. A Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) is making accuracy higher method to correct scattering (Isotropic scattering, Geometric scattering, Volumetric scattering). To correct bidirectional error of surface reflectance, BRDF was used in this study. To correct bidirectional error of surface reflectance, we apply Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) to retrieve surface reflectance. And we apply 2 steps for retrieving Background Surface Reflectance (BSR). The first step is retrieving Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution (BRD) coefficients. Before retrieving BSR, we did pre-running BRDF to retrieve BRD coefficients to correct scatterings (Isotropic scattering, Geometric scattering, Volumetric scattering). In pre-running BRDF, we apply BRDF with observed surface reflectance of SPOT/VEGETATION (VGT-S1) and angular data to get BRD coefficients for calculating scattering. After that, we apply BRDF again in the opposite direction with BRD coefficients and angular data to retrieve BSR as a second step. As a result, BSR has very similar reflectance to one of VGT-S1. And reflectance in BSR is shown adequate. The highest reflectance of BSR is not over 0.4μm in blue channel, 0.45μm in red channel, 0.55μm in NIR channel. And for validation we compare reflectance of clear sky pixel from SPOT/VGT status map data. As a result of comparing BSR with VGT-S1, bias is from 0.0116 to 0.0158 and RMSE is from 0.0459 to 0.0545. They are very reasonable results, so we confirm that BSR is similar to VGT-S1. And weakness of this study is missing pixel in BSR which are observed less time to retrieve BRD components. If missing pixels are filled, BSR is better to retrieve surface products with more accuracy. And we think that after filling the missing pixel and being more accurate, it can be useful data to retrieve surface product which made by surface reflectance like cloud masking and retrieving aerosol.
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Sungwon Choi, Kyeong-Sang Lee, Donghyun Jin, Darae Lee, Kyung-Soo Han, "Retrieval of background surface reflectance with BRD components from pre-running BRDF", Proc. SPIE 10001, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXI, 1000110 (19 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2241770; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2241770

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