A transmission experiment has been performed over an optical path of 1.53 km at a rural test site in Meppen, Northwest Germany. Direct transmission measurements were made by a 7-wavelength transmissometer. Transmission was further estimated from the average voltage received by a BLS2000 scintillometer, and evaluated with Mie theory from in-situ aerosol measurements near the optical path. Furthermore, the transmission was modeled with MODTRAN, driven with local meteorology, visibility and the rural aerosol model. For a central wavelength of 0.88μm, the transmissometer, the BLS200 and MODTRAN agree well. Remaining differences may be due to water transmission and continuum around 0.95μ;m that is picked up by the transmissometer and not by the narrow-banded BLS2000 and MODTRAN calculations. When MODTRAN is run without an aerosol model, or when this model is driven by a “default” visibility, the overlap with the measurements is extremely poor.