19 October 2016 Path homogeneity along a horizontal line-of-sight path during the FESTER experiment: first results
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Abstract
The First European South African Experiment (FESTER) was conducted over about a 10 month period at the Institute of Maritime Technology (IMT) in False Bay, South Africa. One of the important goals was the establishment of the air-sea temperature difference (ASTD) homogeneity along the main propagation link atmospheric path since it is a basic assumption for most of the atmospheric turbulence models (caused by refractive index variations). The ASTD was measured from a small scientific work boat (called Sea Lab) moving along a straight in- and outbound track along the main propagation link path. The air temperature on-board was measured using standard weather sensors, while the sea surface temperature was measured using a long wavelength infrared radiometer, which was compared to the bulk sea temperature half a meter below the sea surface. This was obtained by an under water temperature sensor mounted on a ‘surfboard’ that was towed alongside Sea Lab. Vertical water temperature profiles were also measured along the main propagation path in order to determine the depth of the surface mixed layer and thermocline using a Conductivity Temperature Depth profiler (CTD). First results investigated the ASTD variation along the horizontal line-of-sight path used by the principal electro-optic transmission link monitoring equipment (i.e. scintillometer and multi-spectral radiometer-transmissometer system).
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W. H. Gunter, B. Maritz, M. Koago, C. K. Wainman, M. E. Gardener, F. February, A. M. J. van Eijk, "Path homogeneity along a horizontal line-of-sight path during the FESTER experiment: first results", Proc. SPIE 10002, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIX, 100020A (19 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2244531; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2244531
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