24 October 2016 A new tool for supervised classification of satellite images available on web servers: Google Maps as a case study
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Abstract
This paper describes a new web platform dedicated to the classification of satellite images called Hypergim. The current implementation of this platform enables users to perform classification of satellite images from any part of the world thanks to the worldwide maps provided by Google Maps. To perform this classification, Hypergim uses unsupervised algorithms like Isodata and K-means. Here, we present an extension of the original platform in which we adapt Hypergim in order to use supervised algorithms to improve the classification results. This involves a significant modification of the user interface, providing the user with a way to obtain samples of classes present in the images to use in the training phase of the classification process. Another main goal of this development is to improve the runtime of the image classification process. To achieve this goal, we use a parallel implementation of the Random Forest classification algorithm. This implementation is a modification of the well-known CURFIL software package. The use of this type of algorithms to perform image classification is widespread today thanks to its precision and ease of training. The actual implementation of Random Forest was developed using CUDA platform, which enables us to exploit the potential of several models of NVIDIA graphics processing units using them to execute general purpose computing tasks as image classification algorithms. As well as CUDA, we use other parallel libraries as Intel Boost, taking advantage of the multithreading capabilities of modern CPUs. To ensure the best possible results, the platform is deployed in a cluster of commodity graphics processing units (GPUs), so that multiple users can use the tool in a concurrent way. The experimental results indicate that this new algorithm widely outperform the previous unsupervised algorithms implemented in Hypergim, both in runtime as well as precision of the actual classification of the images.
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Agustín García-Flores, Agustín García-Flores, Abel Paz-Gallardo, Abel Paz-Gallardo, Antonio Plaza, Antonio Plaza, Jun Li, Jun Li, } "A new tool for supervised classification of satellite images available on web servers: Google Maps as a case study", Proc. SPIE 10007, High-Performance Computing in Geoscience and Remote Sensing VI, 1000702 (24 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2240088; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2240088
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