9 December 2016 Bilateral connectivity in the somatosensory region using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) by wavelet coherence
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Abstract
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used in medical imaging to obtain oxygenation and hemodynamic response in the cerebral cortex. This technique has been applied in cortical activation detection and functional connectivity in brain research. Despite some advances in functional connectivity, most of the studies have focused on the prefrontal cortex and little has been done to study the somatosensory region (S1). For that reason, the aim of our present study is to assess bilateral connectivity in the somatosensory region by using NIRS and noxious stimulation. Eleven healthy subjects were investigated using near-infrared spectroscopy during an acupuncture stimulation procedure to safely induce pain in subjects. A multiscale analysis based on wavelet transform coherence (WTC) was designed to assess the functional connectivity of corresponding channel pairs within the left and right s1 region. The cortical activation in the somatosensory region was higher after the acupuncture stimulation, which was consistent with similar studies. The coherence in time-frequency domain between homologous signals generated by contralateral channel pairs revealed two main periods (3.2 s and 12.8 s) with high coherence. Based on the WTC analysis, it was also found that the coherence increase in these periods was task-related. This study contributes to the research field to investigate cerebral hemodynamic response of pain perception using NIRS and demonstrates the use of wavelet transform as a method to investigate functional lateralization in the cerebral cortex.
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Raul Fernandez Rojas, Raul Fernandez Rojas, Xu Huang, Xu Huang, Keng-Liang Ou, Keng-Liang Ou, } "Bilateral connectivity in the somatosensory region using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) by wavelet coherence", Proc. SPIE 10013, SPIE BioPhotonics Australasia, 100131Z (9 December 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2242977; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2242977
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