24 November 2016 An underwater ranging system based on photoacoustic effect occurring on target surface
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Abstract
In this paper, an underwater ranging system based on photoacoustic effect occurring on target surface is proposed. In this proposal, laser pulse generated by blue-green laser is directly incident on target surface, where the photoacoustic effect occurs and a sound source is formed. And then the sound wave which is also called photoacoustic signal is received by the ultrasonic receiver after passing through water. According to the time delay between transmitting laser and receiving photoacoustic signal, and sound velocity in water, the distance between the target and the ultrasonic receiver can be calculated. Differing from underwater range finding by only laser, this approach can avoid backscattering of laser beam, so easier to implement. Experimental system according to this principle has been constructed to verify the feasibility of this technology. The experimental results showed that a ranging accuracy of 1 mm can be effectively achieved when the target is close to the ultrasonic receiver.
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Kai Ni, Kai Hu, Xinghui Li, Lidai Wang, Qian Zhou, Xiaohao Wang, "An underwater ranging system based on photoacoustic effect occurring on target surface", Proc. SPIE 10023, Optical Metrology and Inspection for Industrial Applications IV, 100231A (24 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2246199; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2246199
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