31 October 2016 Retinal image quality and visual stimuli processing by simulation of partial eye cataract
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Abstract
Visual stimuli were demonstrated on a 4.3’’ mobile phone screen inside a “Virtual Reality” adapter that allowed separation of the left and right eye visual fields. Contrast of the retina image thus can be controlled by the image on the phone screen and parallel to that at appropriate geometry by the AC voltage applied to scattering PDLC cell inside the adapter. Such optical pathway separation allows to demonstrate to both eyes spatially variant images, that after visual binocular fusion acquire their characteristic indications. As visual stimuli we used grey and different color (two opponent components to vision – red-green in L*a*b* color space) spatially periodical stimuli for left and right eyes; and with spatial content that by addition or subtraction resulted as clockwise or counter clockwise slanted Gabor gratings. We performed computer modeling with numerical addition or subtraction of signals similar to processing in brain via stimuli input decomposition in luminance and color opponency components. It revealed the dependence of the perception psychophysical equilibrium point between clockwise or counter clockwise perception of summation on one eye image contrast and color saturation, and on the strength of the retinal aftereffects. Existence of a psychophysical equilibrium point in perception of summation is only in the presence of a prior adaptation to a slanted periodical grating and at the appropriate slant orientation of adaptation grating and/or at appropriate spatial grating pattern phase according to grating nods. Actual observer perception experiments when one eye images were deteriorated by simulated cataract approved the shift of mentioned psychophysical equilibrium point on the degree of artificial cataract. We analyzed also the mobile devices stimuli emission spectra paying attention to areas sensitive to macula pigments absorption spectral maxima and blue areas where the intense irradiation can cause in abnormalities in periodic melatonin regeneration and deviations in regular circadian rhythms. Therefore participants in vision studies using “Virtual Reality” appliances with fixed vision fields and emitting a spike liked spectral bands (on basis of OLED and AMOLED diodes) different from spectra of ambient illuminators should be accordingly warned about potential health risks.
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Maris Ozolinsh, Olga Danilenko, Varvara Zavjalova, "Retinal image quality and visual stimuli processing by simulation of partial eye cataract", Proc. SPIE 10024, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics VII, 100244W (31 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2247721; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2247721
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