14 November 2016 Optimizing the loss of one-dimensional photonic crystal towards high-sensitivity Bloch-surface-wave sensors under intensity interrogation scheme
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Abstract
The reflected intensity change of the Bloch-surface-wave (BSW) resonance influenced by the loss of a truncated onedimensional photonic crystal structure is numerically analyzed and studied in order to enhance the sensitivity of the Bloch-surface-wave-based sensors. The finite truncated one-dimensional photonic crystal structure is designed to be able to excite BSW mode for water (n=1.33) as the external medium and for p-polarized plane wave incident light. The intensity interrogation scheme which can be operated on a typical Kretschmann prism-coupling configuration by measuring the reflected intensity change of the resonance dip is investigated to optimize the sensitivity. A figure of merit (FOM) is introduced to measure the performance of the one-dimensional photonic crystal multilayer structure under the scheme. The detection sensitivities are calculated under different device parameters with a refractive index change corresponding to different solutions of glycerol in de-ionized (DI)-water. The results show that the intensity sensitivity curve varies similarly with the FOM curve and the sensitivity of the Bloch-surface-wave sensor is greatly affected by the device loss, where an optimized loss value can be got. For the low-loss BSW devices, the intensity interrogation sensing sensitivity may drop sharply from the optimal value. On the other hand, the performance of the detection scheme is less affected by the higher device loss. This observation is in accordance with BSW experimental sensing demonstrations as well. The results obtained could be useful for improving the performance of the Bloch-surface-wave sensors for the investigated sensing scheme.
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Weijing Kong, Weijing Kong, Yuhang Wan, Yuhang Wan, Kun Du, Kun Du, Wenhui Zhao, Wenhui Zhao, Shuang Wang, Shuang Wang, Zheng Zheng, Zheng Zheng, } "Optimizing the loss of one-dimensional photonic crystal towards high-sensitivity Bloch-surface-wave sensors under intensity interrogation scheme", Proc. SPIE 10025, Advanced Sensor Systems and Applications VII, 100250W (14 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2246182; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2246182
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