With the emergence of UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) platform for aerial imaging spectrometer, research of aerial
imaging spectrometer DAS(data acquisition system) faces new challenges. Due to the limitation of platform and other
factors, the aerial imaging spectrometer DAS requires small-light, low-cost and universal. Traditional aerial imaging
spectrometer DAS system is expensive, bulky, non-universal and unsupported plug-and-play based on PCIe. So that has
been unable to meet promotion and application of the aerial imaging spectrometer.
In order to solve these problems, the new data acquisition scheme bases on USB3.0 interface.USB3.0 can provide
guarantee of small-light, low-cost and universal relying on the forward-looking technology advantage. USB3.0
transmission theory is up to 5Gbps.And the GPIF programming interface achieves 3.2Gbps of the effective theoretical
data bandwidth.USB3.0 can fully meet the needs of the aerial imaging spectrometer data transmission rate. The scheme
uses the slave FIFO asynchronous data transmission mode between FPGA and USB3014 interface chip. Firstly system
collects spectral data from TLK2711 of high-speed serial interface chip. Then FPGA receives data in DDR2 cache after
ping-pong data processing. Finally USB3014 interface chip transmits data via automatic-dma approach and uploads to
PC by USB3.0 cable.
During the manufacture of aerial imaging spectrometer, the DAS can achieve image acquisition, transmission, storage
and display. All functions can provide the necessary test detection for aerial imaging spectrometer. The test shows that
system performs stable and no data lose. Average transmission speed and storage speed of writing SSD can stabilize at
1.28Gbps. Consequently ,this data acquisition system can meet application requirements for aerial imaging spectrometer.