29 August 2016 Maturity classification for sewage sludge composted with rapeseed straw using neural image analysis
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Proceedings Volume 10033, Eighth International Conference on Digital Image Processing (ICDIP 2016); 100332H (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2243989
Event: Eighth International Conference on Digital Image Processing (ICDIP 2016), 2016, Chengu, China
Abstract
Composting is one of the most appropriate methods to manage sewage sludge. In the composting process it is essential to ensure possibly rapid detection of the early maturity stage in the composted material. The aim of the study was to generate neural classification models for the identification of this stage in the composted mixture of sewage sludge and rapeseed straw. These models were constructed using the MLP network topology. The datasets used in the construction of neural models were based on information contained in images of composted material photographed under visible light. The input variables were values of 25 parameters concerning colour of images in the RGB, HSV models and the greyscale and converted to binary images, as well as values of 21 texture parameters. The neural models were constructed iteratively. A neural network developed in a given iteration did not contain inputs, which the sensitivity analysis from the preceding iteration showed to be potentially non-significant. The classification error for the generated models ranged from 2.44 to 3.05%. The optimal model in terms of the lowest value of the classification error and thus the lowest number of required input variables contained 23 neurons in the input layer, 50 neurons in the hidden layer and 2 neurons in the output layer.
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S. Kujawa, J. Dach, R. J. Kozłowski, K. Przybył, G. Niedbała, W. Mueller, R. J. Tomczak, M. Zaborowicz, K. Koszela, "Maturity classification for sewage sludge composted with rapeseed straw using neural image analysis", Proc. SPIE 10033, Eighth International Conference on Digital Image Processing (ICDIP 2016), 100332H (29 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2243989; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2243989
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