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15 February 2017 Evaluation of computational endomicroscopy architectures for minimally-invasive optical biopsy
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Proceedings Volume 10040, Endoscopic Microscopy XII; 1004006 (2017)
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
We are investigating compressive sensing architectures for applications in endomicroscopy, where the narrow diameter probes required for tissue access can limit the achievable spatial resolution. We hypothesize that the compressive sensing framework can be used to overcome the fundamental pixel number limitation in fiber-bundle based endomicroscopy by reconstructing images with more resolvable points than fibers in the bundle. An experimental test platform was assembled to evaluate and compare two candidate architectures, based on introducing a coded amplitude mask at either a conjugate image or Fourier plane within the optical system. The benchtop platform consists of a common illumination and object path followed by separate imaging arms for each compressive architecture. The imaging arms contain a digital micromirror device (DMD) as a reprogrammable mask, with a CCD camera for image acquisition. One arm has the DMD positioned at a conjugate image plane (“IP arm”), while the other arm has the DMD positioned at a Fourier plane (“FP arm”). Lenses were selected and positioned within each arm to achieve an element-to-pixel ratio of 16 (230,400 mask elements mapped onto 14,400 camera pixels). We discuss our mathematical model for each system arm and outline the importance of accounting for system non-idealities. Reconstruction of a 1951 USAF resolution target using optimization-based compressive sensing algorithms produced images with higher spatial resolution than bicubic interpolation for both system arms when system non-idealities are included in the model. Furthermore, images generated with image plane coding appear to exhibit higher spatial resolution, but more noise, than images acquired through Fourier plane coding.
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John P. Dumas, Muhammad A. Lodhi, Waheed U. Bajwa, and Mark C. Pierce "Evaluation of computational endomicroscopy architectures for minimally-invasive optical biopsy", Proc. SPIE 10040, Endoscopic Microscopy XII, 1004006 (15 February 2017);

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