8 February 2017 Assessment of cavitation in artificial approximal dental lesions with near-IR imaging
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Proceedings Volume 10044, Lasers in Dentistry XXIII; 1004407 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256701
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Bitewing radiography is still considered state-of-the-art diagnostic technology for assessing cavitation within approximal carious dental lesions, even though radiographs cannot resolve cavitated surfaces but instead are used to measure lesion depth in order to predict cavitation. Clinicians need new technologies capable of determining whether approximal carious lesions have become cavitated because not all lesions progress to cavitation. Assessing lesion cavitation from near-infrared (NIR) imaging methods holds great potential due to the high transparency of enamel in the NIR region from λ=1300-1700-nm, which allows direct visualization and quantified measurements of enamel demineralization. The objective of this study was to measure the change in lesion appearance between non-cavitated and cavitated lesions in artificially generated lesions using NIR imaging modalities (two-dimensional) at λ=1300-nm and λ=1450-nm and cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) (thee-dimensional) λ=1300-nm. Extracted human posterior teeth with sound proximal surfaces were chosen for this study and imaged before and after artificial lesions were made. A high speed dental hand piece was used to create artificial cavitated proximal lesions in sound samples and imaged. The cavitated artificial lesions were then filled with hydroxyapatite powder to simulate non-cavitated proximal lesions.
Conference Presentation
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Jacob C. Simon, Cynthia L. Darling, and Daniel Fried "Assessment of cavitation in artificial approximal dental lesions with near-IR imaging", Proc. SPIE 10044, Lasers in Dentistry XXIII, 1004407 (8 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2256701; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256701

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