16 February 2017 Monitoring and assessment of tumor hemodynamics during pleural PDT
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Abstract
Intrapleural photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used in combination with lung sparing surgery to treat patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. The light, photosensitizers and tissue oxygen are the three most important factors required by type II PDT to produce singlet oxygen, 1O2, which is the main photocytotoxic agent that damages the tumor vasculature and stimulates the body’s anti-tumor immune response. Although light fluence rate and photosensitizer concentrations are routinely monitored during clinical PDT, there is so far a lack of a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved non-invasive technique that can be employed clinically to monitor tissue oxygen in vivo. In this paper, we demonstrated that blood flow correlates well with tissue oxygen concentration during PDT and can be used in place of [3O2] to calculate reacted singlet oxygen concentration [1O2]rx using the macroscopic singlet oxygen model. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) was used to monitor the change in tissue blood flow non-invasively during pleural PDT. A contact probe with three source and detectors separations, 0.4, 0.7 and 1.0-cm, was sutured to the pleural cavity wall of the patients after surgical resection of the pleural mesothelioma tumor to monitor the tissue blood flow during intraoperative PDT treatment. The changes of blood flow during PDT of 2 patients are found to be in good correlation with the treatment light fluence rate recorded by the isotropic detector placed adjacent to the DCS probe. [1O2]rx calculated based on light fluence, mean photosensitizer concentration, and relative blood flow was found to be 32% higher in patient #4 (0.50mM) than that for patient #3 (0.38mM).
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Yi Hong Ong, Michele M. Kim, Rozhin Penjweini, Carmen E. Rodriguez, Andrea Dimofte, Jarod C. Finlay, Theresa M. Busch, Arjun G. Yodh, Keith A. Cengel, Sunil Singhal, Timothy C. Zhu, "Monitoring and assessment of tumor hemodynamics during pleural PDT", Proc. SPIE 10047, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXVI, 100470C (16 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252979; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252979
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