Machine Vision and the field of Artificial Intelligence are both new technologies which have evolved mainly within the past decade with the growth of computers and microchips. And, although research continues, both have emerged from the experimental state to industrial reality. Today's machine vision systems are solving thousands of manufacturing problems in various industries, and the impact of Artificial Intelligence, and more specifically, the use of "Expert Systems" in industry is also being realized. This paper will examine how the two technologies can cross paths, and how an Expert System can become an important part of an overall machine vision solution. An actual example of a development of an Expert System that helps solve machine vision lighting and optics problems will be discussed. The lighting and optics Expert System was developed to assist the end user to configure the "Front End" of a vision system to help solve the overall machine vision problem more effectively, since lack of attention to lighting and optics has caused many failures of this technology. Other areas of machine vision technology where Expert Systems could apply will also be discussed.
"Lighting And Optics Expert System For Machine Vision", Proc. SPIE 1005, Optics, Illumination, and Image Sensing for Machine Vision III, (7 March 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.949037; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.949037