17 February 2017 Correlation between polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and SHG microscopy in articular cartilage
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Abstract
Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) and second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy are two imaging modalities with different resolutions, field-of-views (FOV), and contrasts, while they both have the capability of imaging collagen fibers in biological tissues. PS-OCT can measure the tissue birefringence which is induced by highly organized fibers while SHG can image the collagen fiber organization with high resolution. Articular cartilage, with abundant structural collagen fibers, is a suitable sample to study the correlation between PS-OCT and SHG microscopy. Qualitative conjecture has been made that the phase retardation measured by PS-OCT is affected by the relationship between the collagen fiber orientation and the illumination direction. Anatomical studies show that the multilayered architecture of articular cartilage can be divided into four zones from its natural surface to the subchondral bone: the superficial zone, the middle zone, the deep zone, and the calcified zone. The different zones have different collagen fiber orientations, which can be studied by the different slopes in the cumulative phase retardation in PS-OCT. An algorithm is developed based on the quantitative analysis of PS-OCT phase retardation images to analyze the microstructural features in swine articular cartilage tissues. This algorithm utilizes the depth-dependent slope changing of phase retardation A-lines to segment structural layers. The results show good consistency with the knowledge of cartilage morphology and correlation with the SHG images measured at selected depth locations. The correlation between PS-OCT and SHG microscopy shows that PS-OCT has the potential to analyze both the macro and micro characteristics of biological tissues with abundant collagen fibers and other materials that may cause birefringence.
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Xin Zhou, Xin Zhou, Myeong Jin Ju, Myeong Jin Ju, Lin Huang, Lin Huang, Shuo Tang, Shuo Tang, } "Correlation between polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and SHG microscopy in articular cartilage", Proc. SPIE 10053, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXI, 1005319 (17 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254929; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254929
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