Although the patients with cancer on pancreas or pancreaticobiliary duct have been increased, it is very difficult to detect and to treat the pancreatic cancer because of its low accessibility and obtuseness. The pancreatic cancer has been diagnosed using ultrasonography, blood test, CT, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and etc. Normally, light can be delivered to the target by optical fibers through the ERCP or EUS. Diffusing optical fibers have been developed with various methods. However, many of them have mechanical and biological problems in the use of small-bend-radius apparatus or in tissue area. This study developed a therapeutic cylindrical diffusing optical fiber probe (CDOFP) for ERCP and EUS which has moderate flexibility and solidity to treat the cancer on pancreaticobiliary duct or pancreas. The CDOFP consists of a biocompatible Teflon tube and multimode glass fiber which has diffusing area processed with laser and high refractive index resin. The CDOFP was characterized to investigate the clinical feasibility and other applications of light therapy using diffusing optical fiber. The results presented that the CDOFP may be used in clinic by combining with endoscopic method, such as ERCP or EUS, to treat cancer on pancreas and pancreaticobiliary duct.