Multiple efforts over the last several years have observed unique characteristics of microcavitions in biotissues. For example, it was found that the threshold energy for microcavitation can be significantly reduced when the size of the biostructure is increased. Also, it was found that the dynamics of microcavitation are significantly affected by the elastic modules of the bio-tissue. However, these efforts have not focused on the early events during microcavitation development.
In this study, a direct numerical simulation of the microcavitation process based on equation of state of the biotissue was established. With the direct numerical simulation, we were able to reproduce the dynamics of microcavitation in water-rich bio tissues. Additionally, an experimental setup in deionized water and 10% PAA gel was made to verify the results of the simulation for early micro-cavitation formation for 10% Polyacrylamide (PAA) gel in deionized water.