3 March 2017 Real-time intravascular photoacoustic-ultrasound imaging of lipid-laden plaque at speed of video-rate level
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Abstract
Intravascular photoacoustic-ultrasound (IVPA-US) imaging is an emerging hybrid modality for the detection of lipidladen plaques by providing simultaneous morphological and lipid-specific chemical information of an artery wall. The clinical utility of IVPA-US technology requires real-time imaging and display at speed of video-rate level. Here, we demonstrate a compact and portable IVPA-US system capable of imaging at up to 25 frames per second in real-time display mode. This unprecedented imaging speed was achieved by concurrent innovations in excitation laser source, rotary joint assembly, 1 mm IVPA-US catheter, differentiated A-line strategy, and real-time image processing and display algorithms. By imaging pulsatile motion at different imaging speeds, 16 frames per second was deemed to be adequate to suppress motion artifacts from cardiac pulsation for in vivo applications. Our lateral resolution results further verified the number of A-lines used for a cross-sectional IVPA image reconstruction. The translational capability of this system for the detection of lipid-laden plaques was validated by ex vivo imaging of an atherosclerotic human coronary artery at 16 frames per second, which showed strong correlation to gold-standard histopathology.
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Jie Hui, Yingchun Cao, Yi Zhang, Ayeeshik Kole, Pu Wang, Guangli Yu, Gregory Eakins, Michael Sturek, Weibiao Chen, Ji-Xin Cheng, "Real-time intravascular photoacoustic-ultrasound imaging of lipid-laden plaque at speed of video-rate level", Proc. SPIE 10064, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2017, 100640T (3 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251511; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2251511
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