20 February 2017 The effects of prolonged oral administration of gold nanoparticles on the morphology of hematopoietic and lymphoid organs
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Proceedings Volume 10065, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XII; 100650V (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252534
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Currently, the usage of gold nanoparticles as photosensitizers and immunomodulators for plasmonic photothermal therapy has attracted a great attention of researches and end-users. In our work, the influence of prolonged peroral administration of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with different sizes on the morphological changes of hematopoietic and lymphoid organs was investigated. The 24 white outbred male rats weighing 180-220 g were randomly divided into groups and administered orally for 30 days the suspension of gold nanospheres with diameters of 2, 15 and 50 nm at a dosage of 190 μg/kg of animal body weight. To prevent GNPs aggregation in a tissue and enhance biocompatibility, they were functionalized with thiolated polyethylene glycol. The withdrawal of the animals from the experiment and sampling of spleen, lymph nodes and bone marrow tissues for morphological study were performed a day after the last administration. In the spleen the boundary between the red and white pulp was not clearly differ in all experimental groups, lymphoid follicles were significantly increased in size, containing bright germinative centers represented by large blast cells. The stimulation of lymphocyte and myelocytic series of hematopoiesis was recorded at morphological study of the bone marrow. The number of immunoblasts and large lymphocytes was increased in all structural zones of lymph nodes. The more pronounced changes were found in the group with administration of 15 nm nanoparticles. Thus, the morphological changes of cellular components of hematopoietic organs have size-dependent character and indicate the activation of the migration, proliferation and differentiation of immune cells after prolonged oral administration of GNPs.
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Alla B. Bucharskaya, Alla B. Bucharskaya, Svetlana S. Pakhomy, Svetlana S. Pakhomy, Olga V. Zlobina, Olga V. Zlobina, Galina N. Maslyakova, Galina N. Maslyakova, Nikita A. Navolokin, Nikita A. Navolokin, Olga V. Matveeva, Olga V. Matveeva, Boris N. Khlebtsov, Boris N. Khlebtsov, Vladimir A. Bogatyrev, Vladimir A. Bogatyrev, Nikolai G. Khlebtsov, Nikolai G. Khlebtsov, Valery V. Tuchin, Valery V. Tuchin, } "The effects of prolonged oral administration of gold nanoparticles on the morphology of hematopoietic and lymphoid organs", Proc. SPIE 10065, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XII, 100650V (20 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252534; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252534
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