22 February 2017 Hypo-fractionated radiation, magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia and a viral immunotherapy treatment of spontaneous canine cancer
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Abstract
It has recently been shown that cancer treatments such as radiation and hyperthermia, which have conventionally been viewed to have modest immune based anti-cancer effects, may, if used appropriately stimulate a significant and potentially effective local and systemic anti-cancer immune effect (abscopal effect) and improved prognosis. Using eight spontaneous canine cancers (2 oral melanoma, 3 oral amelioblastomas and 1 carcinomas), we have shown that hypofractionated radiation (6 x 6 Gy) and/or magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia (2 X 43°C / 45 minutes) and/or an immunogenic virus-like nanoparticle (VLP, 2 x 200 μg) are capable of delivering a highly effective cancer treatment that includes an immunogenic component. Two tumors received all three therapeutic modalities, one tumor received radiation and hyperthermia, two tumors received radiation and VLP, and three tumors received only mNP hyperthermia. The treatment regimen is conducted over a 14-day period. All patients tolerated the treatments without complication and have had local and distant tumor responses that significantly exceed responses observed following conventional therapy (surgery and/or radiation). The results suggest that both hypofractionated radiation and hyperthermia have effective immune responses that are enhanced by the intratumoral VLP treatment. Molecular data from these tumors suggest Heat Shock Protein (HSP) 70/90, calreticulin and CD47 are targets that can be exploited to enhance the local and systemic (abscopal effect) immune potential of radiation and hyperthermia cancer treatment.
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P. Jack Hoopes, P. Jack Hoopes, Karen L. Moodie, Karen L. Moodie, Alicia A. Petryk, Alicia A. Petryk, James D. Petryk, James D. Petryk, Shawntel Sechrist, Shawntel Sechrist, David J. Gladstone, David J. Gladstone, Nicole F. Steinmetz, Nicole F. Steinmetz, Frank A. Veliz, Frank A. Veliz, Alicea A. Bursey, Alicea A. Bursey, Robert J. Wagner, Robert J. Wagner, Ashish Rajan, Ashish Rajan, Danielle Dugat, Danielle Dugat, Margaret Crary-Burney, Margaret Crary-Burney, Steven N. Fiering, Steven N. Fiering, } "Hypo-fractionated radiation, magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia and a viral immunotherapy treatment of spontaneous canine cancer", Proc. SPIE 10066, Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment IX, 1006605 (22 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2256213; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256213
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