22 February 2017 Changes in optical properties during heating of ex vivo liver tissues
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Thermal ablation is the use of heat to induce cell death through coagulative necrosis. Ideally, complete ablation of tumor cells with no damage to surrounding critical structures such as blood vessels, nerves or even organs is desired. Ablation monitoring techniques are often employed to ensure optimal tumor ablation. In thermal tissue ablation, tissue damage is known to be dependent on the temperature and time of exposure. Aptly, current methods for monitoring ablation rely profoundly on local tissue temperature and duration of heating to predict the degree of tissue damage. However, such methods do not take into account the microstructural and physiological changes in tissues as a result of thermocoagulation. Light propagation within biological tissues is known to be dependent on the tissue microstructure and physiology. During tissue denaturation, changes in tissue structure alter light propagations in tissue which could be used to directly assess the extent of thermal tissue damage. We report the use of a spectroscopic system for monitoring the tissue optical properties during heating of ex vivo liver tissues. We observed that during tissue denaturation, continuous changes in wavelength-averaged μa(λ) and μ’s(λ) followed a sigmoidal trend and are correlated with damage predicted by Arrhenius model.
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Vivek Krishna Nagarajan, Vivek Krishna Nagarajan, Venkateshwara R. Gogineni, Venkateshwara R. Gogineni, Sarah B. White, Sarah B. White, Bing Yu, Bing Yu, } "Changes in optical properties during heating of ex vivo liver tissues", Proc. SPIE 10066, Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment IX, 100660O (22 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253479; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253479

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