20 February 2017 Laser simulation applying Fox-Li iteration: investigation of reason for non-convergence
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Abstract
Fox-Li iteration is often used to numerically simulate lasers. If a solution is found, the complex field amplitude is a good indication of the laser mode. The case of a semiconductor laser, for which the medium possesses a self-focusing nonlinearity, was investigated. For a case of interest, the iterations did not yield a converged solution. Another approach was needed to explore the properties of the laser mode. The laser was treated (unphysically) as a regenerative amplifier. As the input to the amplifier, we required a smooth complex field distribution that matched the laser resonator. To obtain such a field, we found what would be the solution for the laser field if the strength of the self focusing nonlinearity were α = 0. This was used as the input to the laser, treated as an amplifier. Because the beam deteriorated as it propagated multiple passes in the resonator and through the gain medium (for α = 2.7), we concluded that a mode with good beam quality could not exist in the laser.
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Alan H. Paxton, Chi Yang, "Laser simulation applying Fox-Li iteration: investigation of reason for non-convergence", Proc. SPIE 10090, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX, 100901Y (20 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251013; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2251013
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