17 February 2017 Laser shock wave assisted patterning on NiTi shape memory alloy surfaces
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Abstract
An advanced direct imprinting method with low cost, quick, and less environmental impact to create thermally controllable surface pattern using the laser pulses is reported. Patterned micro indents were generated on Ni50Ti50 shape memory alloys (SMA) using an Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm combined with suitable transparent overlay, a sacrificial layer of graphite, and copper grid. Laser pulses at different energy densities which generates pressure pulses up to 10 GPa on the surface was focused through the confinement medium, ablating the copper grid to create plasma and transferring the grid pattern onto the NiTi surface. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical microscope images of square pattern with different sizes were studied. One dimensional profile analysis shows that the depth of the patterned sample initially increase linearly with the laser energy until 125 mJ/pulse where the plasma further absorbs and reflects the laser beam. In addition, light the microscope image show that the surface of NiTi alloy was damaged due to the high power laser energy which removes the graphite layer.
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Dovletgeldi Seyitliyev, Peizhen Li, Khomidkhodza Kholikov, Byron Grant, Haluk E. Karaca, Ali O. Er, "Laser shock wave assisted patterning on NiTi shape memory alloy surfaces", Proc. SPIE 10092, Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XI, 1009221 (17 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252543; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252543
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