24 February 2017 Galvanometer scanning technology for laser additive manufacturing
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Proceedings Volume 10095, Laser 3D Manufacturing IV; 1009512 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252973
Event: SPIE LASE, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
A galvanometer laser beam scanning system is an essential element in many laser additive manufacturing (LAM) technologies including Stereolithography (SLA), Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Understanding the laser beam scanning techniques and recent innovations in this field will greatly benefit the 3D laser printing system integration and technology advance. One of the challenges to achieve high quality 3D printed parts is due to the non-uniform laser power density delivered on the materials caused by the acceleration and deceleration movements of the galvanometer at ends of the hatching and outlining patterns. One way to solve this problem is to modulate the laser power as the function of the scanning speed during the acceleration or deceleration periods. Another strategy is to maintain the constant scanning speed while accurately coordinating the laser on and off operation throughout the job. In this paper, we demonstrate the high speed, high accuracy and low drift digital scanning technology that incorporates both techniques to achieve uniform laser density with minimal additional process development. With the constant scanning speed method, the scanner not only delivers high quality and uniform results, but also a throughput increase of 23% on a typical LAM job, compared to that of the conventional control method that requires galvanometer acceleration and deceleration movements.
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Xi Luo, Jin Li, Mark Lucas, "Galvanometer scanning technology for laser additive manufacturing", Proc. SPIE 10095, Laser 3D Manufacturing IV, 1009512 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252973; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252973
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