24 February 2017 Path profiles of Cn2 derived from radiometer temperature measurements and geometrical ray tracing
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Abstract
Atmospheric turbulence has significant impairments on the operation of Free-Space Optical (FSO) communication systems, in particular temporal and spatial intensity fluctuations at the receiving aperture resulting in power surges and fades, changes in angle of arrival, spatial coherence degradation, etc. The refractive index structure parameter C 2 n is a statistical measure of the strength of turbulence in the atmosphere and is highly dependent upon vertical height. Therefore to understand atmospheric turbulence effects on vertical FSO communication links such as space-to-ground links, it is necessary to specify C 2 n profiles along the atmospheric propagation path. To avoid the limitations on the applicability of classical approaches, propagation simulation through geometrical ray tracing is applied. This is achieved by considering the atmosphere along the optical propagation path as a spatial distribution of spherical bubbles with varying relative refractive index deviations representing turbulent eddies. The relative deviations of the refractive index are statistically determined from altitude-dependent and time varying temperature fluctuations, as measured by a microwave profiling radiometer. For each representative atmosphere ray paths are analyzed using geometrical optics, which is particularly advantageous in situations of strong turbulence where there is severe wavefront distortion and discontinuity. The refractive index structure parameter is then determined as a function of height and time.
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Brian E. Vyhnalek, Brian E. Vyhnalek, } "Path profiles of Cn2 derived from radiometer temperature measurements and geometrical ray tracing", Proc. SPIE 10096, Free-Space Laser Communication and Atmospheric Propagation XXIX, 100961G (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252278; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252278
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