16 February 2017 Waveguide structures in anisotropic nonlinear crystals
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 10100, Optical Components and Materials XIV; 101000V (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2255574
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
We report on the design and manufacturing parameters of waveguiding structures of anisotropic nonlinear crystals that are employed for harmonic conversions, using Adhesive-Free Bonding (AFB®). This technology enables a full range of predetermined refractive index differences that are essential for the design of single mode or low-mode propagation with high efficiency in anisotropic nonlinear crystals which in turn results in compact frequency conversion systems. Examples of nonlinear optical waveguides include periodically bonded walk-off corrected nonlinear optical waveguides and periodically poled waveguide components, such as lithium triborate (LBO), beta barium borate (β-BBO), lithium niobate (LN), potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP), zinc germanium phosphide (ZGP) and silver selenogallate (AGSE). Simulation of planar LN waveguide shows that when the electric field vector E lies in the k-c plane, the power flow is directed precisely along the propagation direction, demonstrating waveguiding effect in the planar waveguide.

Employment of anisotropic nonlinear optical waveguides, for example in combination with AFB® crystalline fiber waveguides (CFW), provides access to the design of a number of novel high power and high efficiency light sources spanning the range of wavelengths from deep ultraviolet (as short as ~200 nm) to mid-infrared (as long as about 18 μm). To our knowledge, the technique is the only generally applicable one because most often there are no compatible cladding crystals available to nonlinear optical cores, especially not with an engineer-able refractive index difference and large mode area.
Conference Presentation
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Da Li, Pengda Hong, Helmuth E. Meissner, "Waveguide structures in anisotropic nonlinear crystals", Proc. SPIE 10100, Optical Components and Materials XIV, 101000V (16 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255574; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2255574
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