16 February 2017 Nonlinear optical modulation in a plasmonic Bi:YIG Mach-Zehnder interferometer
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In this work, we propose a magnetoplasmonic modulator for nonlinear radio-frequency (RF) modulation of an integrated optical signal. The modulator consists of a plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI), constructed of the ferrimagnetic garnet, bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet (Bi:YIG). The transverse component of the Bi:YIG magnetization induces a nonreciprocal phase shift (NRPS) onto the guided optical mode, which can be actively modulated through external magnetic fields. In an MZI, the modulated phase shift in turn modulates the output optical intensity. Due to the highly nonlinear evolution of the Bi:YIG magnetization, we show that the spectrum of the output modulated intensity signal can contain harmonics of the driving RF field, frequency splitting around the driving frequency, down-conversion, or mixing of multiple RF signals. This device provides a unique mechanism of simultaneously generating a number of modulation frequencies within a single device.
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C. J. Firby, C. J. Firby, A. Y. Elezzabi, A. Y. Elezzabi, } "Nonlinear optical modulation in a plasmonic Bi:YIG Mach-Zehnder interferometer", Proc. SPIE 10106, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XXI, 1010617 (16 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252840; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252840

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