27 February 2017 Properties of null knotted solutions to Maxwell's equations
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Proceedings Volume 10120, Complex Light and Optical Forces XI; 101201C (2017) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2260484
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
We discuss null knotted solutions to Maxwell's equations, their creation through Bateman's construction, and their relation to the Hopf-fibration. These solutions have well-known, conserved properties, related to their winding numbers. For example: energy; momentum; angular momentum; and helicity. The current research has focused on Lipkin's zilches, a set of little-known, conserved quantities within electromagnetic theory that has been explored mathematically, but over which there is still considerable debate regarding physical interpretation. The aim of this work is to contribute to the discussion of these knotted solutions of Maxwell's equations by examining the relation between the knots, the zilches, and their symmetries through Noether's theorem. We show that the zilches demonstrate either linear or more complicated relations to the p-q winding numbers of torus knots, and can be written in terms of the total energy of the electromagnetic field. As part of this work, a systematic multipole expansion of the vector potential of the knotted solutions is being carried out.
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Gregory Smith, Gregory Smith, Paul Strange, Paul Strange, } "Properties of null knotted solutions to Maxwell's equations", Proc. SPIE 10120, Complex Light and Optical Forces XI, 101201C (27 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2260484; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2260484
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