16 February 2017 Light-emitting nanolattices with enhanced brightness
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Three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals have potential in solid state lighting applications due to their advantages over conventional planar thin film devices. Periodicity in a photonic crystal structure enables engineering of the density of states to improve spontaneous light emission according to Fermi’s golden rule. Unlike planar thin films, which suffer significantly from total internal reflection, a 3D architectured structure is distributed in space with many non-flat interfaces, which facilitates a substantial enhancement in light extraction. We demonstrate the fabrication of 3D nano-architectures with octahedron geometry that utilize luminescing silicon nanocrystals as active media with an aluminum cathode and indium tin oxide anode towards the realization of a 3D light emitting device. The developed fabrication procedure allows charge to pass through the nanolattice between two contacts for electroluminescence. These initial fabrication efforts suggest that 3D nano-architected devices are realizable and can reach greater efficiencies than planar devices.
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Ryan C. Ng, Ryan C. Ng, Rajib Mandal, Rajib Mandal, Rebecca J. Anthony, Rebecca J. Anthony, Julia R. Greer, Julia R. Greer, } "Light-emitting nanolattices with enhanced brightness", Proc. SPIE 10124, Light-Emitting Diodes: Materials, Devices, and Applications for Solid State Lighting XXI, 101241E (16 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2250081; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2250081

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