9 March 2017 4D DSA reconstruction using tomosynthesis projections
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Abstract
We investigate the use of tomosynthesis in 4D DSA to improve the accuracy of reconstructed vessel time-attenuation curves (TACs). It is hypothesized that a narrow-angle tomosynthesis dataset for each time point can be exploited to reduce artifacts caused by vessel overlap in individual projections. 4D DSA reconstructs time-resolved 3D angiographic volumes from a typical 3D DSA scan consisting of mask and iodine-enhanced C-arm rotations. Tomosynthesis projections are obtained either from a conventional C-arm rotation, or from an inverse geometry scanning-beam digital x-ray (SBDX) system. In the proposed method, rays of the tomosynthesis dataset which pass through multiple vessels can be ignored, allowing the non-overlapped rays to impart temporal information to the 4D DSA. The technique was tested in simulated scans of 2 mm diameter vessels separated by 2 to 5 cm, with TACs following either early or late enhancement. In standard 4D DSA, overlap artifacts were clearly present. Use of tomosynthesis projections in 4D DSA reduced TAC artifacts caused by vessel overlap, when a sufficient fraction of non-overlapped rays was available in each time frame. In cases where full overlap between vessels occurred, information could be recovered via a proposed image space interpolation technique. SBDX provides a tomosynthesis scan for each frame period in a rotational acquisition, whereas a standard C-arm geometry requires the grouping of multiple frames.
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Marc Buehler, Marc Buehler, Jordan M. Slagowski, Jordan M. Slagowski, Charles A. Mistretta, Charles A. Mistretta, Charles M. Strother, Charles M. Strother, Michael A. Speidel, Michael A. Speidel, } "4D DSA reconstruction using tomosynthesis projections", Proc. SPIE 10132, Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging, 101322C (9 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255197; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2255197
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