9 March 2017 A deterministic integral spherical harmonics method for scatter simulation in computed tomography
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Abstract
Scatter is an important problem in computed tomography especially with the increase of X-ray illumination coverage in one single view. Poor scatter correction results in CT HU number inaccuracy, degrades low contrast detectability, and introduces artifacts. Hardware method can be used to handle scatter problem. However, hardware design optimization and scatter correction improvement require an efficient scatter simulation tool. Although Monte Carlo (MC) method can perform precise scatter simulation, simulated noise due to its statistical nature affects the simulation results. In this paper, a deterministic scatter simulation method with radiative transfer equation (RTE) is proposed. Compared to MC method, the deterministic RTE method is free from statistical noise. In order to solve the RTE, a novel iterative spherical harmonics integral formula is developed. Compared to MC method, the results show the accuracy of the proposed method.
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Yujie Lu, Yu Zou, Xiaohui Zhan, Zhou Yu, Richard Thompson, "A deterministic integral spherical harmonics method for scatter simulation in computed tomography", Proc. SPIE 10132, Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging, 101322H (9 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254145; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254145
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