9 March 2017 Optically tracked, single-coil, scanning magnetic induction tomography
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Abstract
Recent work has shown the feasibility of single-coil, magnetic induction tomography, for visualizing a 3D distribution of electrical conductivity in portions of the human body. Loss is measured in a single, planar coil consisting of concentric circular loops while the coil is relocated to various non-redundant positions and orientations in the vicinity of the target. These loss values, together with measured coil position and orientation, are processed by a quantitative mapping equation that enables reconstruction of an electrical conductivity image. Up until now, the position of the coil had to be established by a template, which required assignment of locations for the coil to visit without necessarily giving any prior consideration to target geometry. We have now added optical tracking to our existing single-coil device so that position and orientation are tracked automatically, allowing collection of coil loss data at arbitrary positions or orientations as needed. Optical tracking is accomplished via a set of IR reflective spheres mounted on the same enclosure that supports the coil. Position for a select sphere within the set, together with the four quaternions specifying optical body orientation, is fed to a laptop at the same time coil loss data is streamed to the same laptop via Bluetooth. The coil center can be tracked with sub-millimeter accuracy while orientation angle is known to a fraction of a degree. This work illustrates the use of single-coil MIT in full, position-orientation-tracked scan mode while imaging laboratory phantoms. Phantoms are based upon simple materials having biologic conductivity (< 5 S/m), including a cut of bone-in steak. The goal is not just to reconstruct an image that contains the features of the actual target, but also return correct conductivity values for the various features within the image.
© (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Joe R. Feldkamp, Stephen Quirk, "Optically tracked, single-coil, scanning magnetic induction tomography", Proc. SPIE 10132, Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging, 101324P (9 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254435; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254435
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