24 February 2017 Comparison of thyroid segmentation techniques for 3D ultrasound
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Abstract
The segmentation of the thyroid in ultrasound images is a field of active research. The thyroid is a gland of the endocrine system and regulates several body functions. Measuring the volume of the thyroid is regular practice of diagnosing pathological changes. In this work, we compare three approaches for semi-automatic thyroid segmentation in freehand-tracked three-dimensional ultrasound images. The approaches are based on level set, graph cut and feature classification. For validation, sixteen 3D ultrasound records were created with ground truth segmentations, which we make publicly available. The properties analyzed are the Dice coefficient when compared against the ground truth reference and the effort of required interaction. Our results show that in terms of Dice coefficient, all algorithms perform similarly. For interaction, however, each algorithm has advantages over the other. The graph cut-based approach gives the practitioner direct influence on the final segmentation. Level set and feature classifier require less interaction, but offer less control over the result. All three compared methods show promising results for future work and provide several possible extensions.
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T. Wunderling, B. Golla, P. Poudel, C. Arens, M. Friebe, C. Hansen, "Comparison of thyroid segmentation techniques for 3D ultrasound", Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 1013317 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254234; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254234
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