24 February 2017 Random walk and graph cut based active contour model for three-dimension interactive pituitary adenoma segmentation from MR images
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Abstract
Accurate volume measurements of pituitary adenoma are important to the diagnosis and treatment for this kind of sellar tumor. The pituitary adenomas have different pathological representations and various shapes. Particularly, in the case of infiltrating to surrounding soft tissues, they present similar intensities and indistinct boundary in T1-weighted (T1W) magnetic resonance (MR) images. Then the extraction of pituitary adenoma from MR images is still a challenging task. In this paper, we propose an interactive method to segment the pituitary adenoma from brain MR data, by combining graph cuts based active contour model (GCACM) and random walk algorithm. By using the GCACM method, the segmentation task is formulated as an energy minimization problem by a hybrid active contour model (ACM), and then the problem is solved by the graph cuts method. The region-based term in the hybrid ACM considers the local image intensities as described by Gaussian distributions with different means and variances, expressed as maximum a posteriori probability (MAP). Random walk is utilized as an initialization tool to provide initialized surface for GCACM. The proposed method is evaluated on the three-dimensional (3-D) T1W MR data of 23 patients and compared with the standard graph cuts method, the random walk method, the hybrid ACM method, a GCACM method which considers global mean intensity in region forces, and a competitive region-growing based GrowCut method planted in 3D Slicer. Based on the experimental results, the proposed method is superior to those methods.
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Min Sun, Xinjian Chen, Zhiqiang Zhang, Chiyuan Ma, "Random walk and graph cut based active contour model for three-dimension interactive pituitary adenoma segmentation from MR images", Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 101331X (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253990; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253990
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