24 February 2017 Automated segmentation of 3D anatomical structures on CT images by using a deep convolutional network based on end-to-end learning approach
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Abstract
We have proposed an end-to-end learning approach that trained a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) for automatic CT image segmentation, which accomplished a voxel-wised multiple classification to directly map each voxel on 3D CT images to an anatomical label automatically. The novelties of our proposed method were (1) transforming the anatomical structures segmentation on 3D CT images into a majority voting of the results of 2D semantic image segmentation on a number of 2D-slices from different image orientations, and (2) using “convolution” and “deconvolution” networks to achieve the conventional “coarse recognition” and “fine extraction” functions which were integrated into a compact all-in-one deep CNN for CT image segmentation. The advantage comparing to previous works was its capability to accomplish real-time image segmentations on 2D slices of arbitrary CT-scan-range (e.g. body, chest, abdomen) and produced correspondingly-sized output. In this paper, we propose an improvement of our proposed approach by adding an organ localization module to limit CT image range for training and testing deep CNNs. A database consisting of 240 3D CT scans and a human annotated ground truth was used for training (228 cases) and testing (the remaining 12 cases). We applied the improved method to segment pancreas and left kidney regions, respectively. The preliminary results showed that the accuracies of the segmentation results were improved significantly (pancreas was 34% and kidney was 8% increased in Jaccard index from our previous results). The effectiveness and usefulness of proposed improvement for CT image segmentations were confirmed.
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Xiangrong Zhou, Xiangrong Zhou, Ryosuke Takayama, Ryosuke Takayama, Song Wang, Song Wang, Xinxin Zhou, Xinxin Zhou, Takeshi Hara, Takeshi Hara, Hiroshi Fujita, Hiroshi Fujita, } "Automated segmentation of 3D anatomical structures on CT images by using a deep convolutional network based on end-to-end learning approach", Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 1013324 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254201; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254201
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