24 February 2017 High precision automated face localization in thermal images: oral cancer dataset as test case
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Abstract
Automated face detection is the pivotal step in computer vision aided facial medical diagnosis and biometrics. This paper presents an automatic, subject adaptive framework for accurate face detection in the long infrared spectrum on our database for oral cancer detection consisting of malignant, precancerous and normal subjects of varied age group. Previous works on oral cancer detection using Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging(DITI) reveals that patients and normal subjects differ significantly in their facial thermal distribution. Therefore, it is a challenging task to formulate a completely adaptive framework to veraciously localize face from such a subject specific modality. Our model consists of first extracting the most probable facial regions by minimum error thresholding followed by ingenious adaptive methods to leverage the horizontal and vertical projections of the segmented thermal image. Additionally, the model incorporates our domain knowledge of exploiting temperature difference between strategic locations of the face. To our best knowledge, this is the pioneering work on detecting faces in thermal facial images comprising both patients and normal subjects. Previous works on face detection have not specifically targeted automated medical diagnosis; face bounding box returned by those algorithms are thus loose and not apt for further medical automation. Our algorithm significantly outperforms contemporary face detection algorithms in terms of commonly used metrics for evaluating face detection accuracy. Since our method has been tested on challenging dataset consisting of both patients and normal subjects of diverse age groups, it can be seamlessly adapted in any DITI guided facial healthcare or biometric applications.
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M. Chakraborty, M. Chakraborty, S. K. Raman, S. K. Raman, S. Mukhopadhyay, S. Mukhopadhyay, S. Patsa, S. Patsa, N. Anjum, N. Anjum, J. G. Ray, J. G. Ray, "High precision automated face localization in thermal images: oral cancer dataset as test case", Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 1013326 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254236; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254236
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