24 February 2017 Segmentation of cortical bone using fast level sets
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Cortical bone plays a big role in the mechanical competence of bone. The analysis of cortical bone requires accurate segmentation methods. Level set methods are usually in the state-of-the-art for segmenting medical images. However, traditional implementations of this method are computationally expensive. This drawback was recently tackled through the so-called coherent propagation extension of the classical algorithm which has decreased computation times dramatically. In this study, we assess the potential of this technique for segmenting cortical bone in interactive time in 3D images acquired through High Resolution peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (HR-pQCT). The obtained segmentations are used to estimate cortical thickness and cortical porosity of the investigated images. Cortical thickness and Cortical porosity is computed using sphere fitting and mathematical morphological operations respectively. Qualitative comparison between the segmentations of our proposed algorithm and a previously published approach on six images volumes reveals superior smoothness properties of the level set approach. While the proposed method yields similar results to previous approaches in regions where the boundary between trabecular and cortical bone is well defined, it yields more stable segmentations in challenging regions. This results in more stable estimation of parameters of cortical bone. The proposed technique takes few seconds to compute, which makes it suitable for clinical settings.
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Manish Chowdhury, Manish Chowdhury, Daniel Jörgens, Daniel Jörgens, Chunliang Wang, Chunliang Wang, Örjan Smedby, Örjan Smedby, Rodrigo Moreno, Rodrigo Moreno, } "Segmentation of cortical bone using fast level sets", Proc. SPIE 10133, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Processing, 1013327 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254240; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254240

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