Robust training of a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) requires a very large number of annotated datasets that are currently not available in CT colonography (CTC). We previously demonstrated that deep transfer learning provides an effective approach for robust application of a DCNN in CTC. However, at high detection accuracy, the differentiation of small polyps from non-polyps was still challenging. In this study, we developed and evaluated a deep ensemble learning (DEL) scheme for reviewing of virtual endoluminal images to improve the performance of computer-aided detection (CADe) of polyps in CTC. Nine different types of image renderings were generated from virtual endoluminal images of polyp candidates detected by a conventional CADe system. Eleven DCNNs that represented three types of publically available pre-trained DCNN models were re-trained by transfer learning to identify polyps from the virtual endoluminal images. A DEL scheme that determines the final detected polyps by a review of the nine types of VE images was developed by combining the DCNNs using a random forest classifier as a meta-classifier. For evaluation, we sampled 154 CTC cases from a large CTC screening trial and divided the cases randomly into a training dataset and a test dataset. At 3.9 falsepositive (FP) detections per patient on average, the detection sensitivities of the conventional CADe system, the highestperforming single DCNN, and the DEL scheme were 81.3%, 90.7%, and 93.5%, respectively, for polyps ≥6 mm in size. For small polyps, the DEL scheme reduced the number of false positives by up to 83% over that of using a single DCNN alone. These preliminary results indicate that the DEL scheme provides an effective approach for improving the polyp detection performance of CADe in CTC, especially for small polyps.