3 March 2017 Automated assessment of breast tissue density in non-contrast 3D CT images without image segmentation based on a deep CNN
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Abstract
This paper describes a novel approach for the automatic assessment of breast density in non-contrast three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) images. The proposed approach trains and uses a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) from scratch to classify breast tissue density directly from CT images without segmenting the anatomical structures, which creates a bottleneck in conventional approaches. Our scheme determines breast density in a 3D breast region by decomposing the 3D region into several radial 2D-sections from the nipple, and measuring the distribution of breast tissue densities on each 2D section from different orientations. The whole scheme is designed as a compact network without the need for post-processing and provides high robustness and computational efficiency in clinical settings. We applied this scheme to a dataset of 463 non-contrast CT scans obtained from 30- to 45-year-old-women in Japan. The density of breast tissue in each CT scan was assigned to one of four categories (glandular tissue within the breast <25%, 25%–50%, 50%–75%, and >75%) by a radiologist as ground truth. We used 405 CT scans for training a deep CNN and the remaining 58 CT scans for testing the performance. The experimental results demonstrated that the findings of the proposed approach and those of the radiologist were the same in 72% of the CT scans among the training samples and 76% among the testing samples. These results demonstrate the potential use of deep CNN for assessing breast tissue density in non-contrast 3D CT images.
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Xiangrong Zhou, Xiangrong Zhou, Takuya Kano, Takuya Kano, Hiromi Koyasu, Hiromi Koyasu, Shuo Li, Shuo Li, Xinxin Zhou, Xinxin Zhou, Takeshi Hara, Takeshi Hara, Masayuki Matsuo, Masayuki Matsuo, Hiroshi Fujita, Hiroshi Fujita, } "Automated assessment of breast tissue density in non-contrast 3D CT images without image segmentation based on a deep CNN", Proc. SPIE 10134, Medical Imaging 2017: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 101342Q (3 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2254320; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254320
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