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10 March 2017 Improving the ideal and human observer consistency: a demonstration of principles
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In addition to being rigorous and realistic, the usefulness of the ideal observer computational tools may also depend on whether they serve the empirical purpose for which they are created, e.g. to identify desirable imaging systems to be used by human observers. In SPIE 10136-35, I have shown that the ideal and the human observers do not necessarily prefer the same system as the optimal or better one due to their different objectives in both hardware and software optimization. In this work, I attempt to identify a necessary but insufficient condition under which the human and the ideal observer may rank systems consistently. If corroborated, such a condition allows a numerical test on the ideal/human consistency without routine human observer studies. I reproduced data from Abbey et al. JOSA 2001 to verify the proposed condition (i.e., not a rigorous falsification study due to the lack of specificity in the proposed conjecture. A roadmap for more falsifiable conditions is proposed). Via this work, I would like to emphasize the reality of practical decision making in addition to the realism in mathematical modeling. (Disclaimer: the views expressed in this work do not necessarily represent those of the FDA.)
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Xin He "Improving the ideal and human observer consistency: a demonstration of principles", Proc. SPIE 10136, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 1013611 (10 March 2017);

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