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10 March 2017 Visual-search model observer for assessing mass detection in CT
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Our aim is to devise model observers (MOs) to evaluate acquisition protocols in medical imaging. To optimize protocols for human observers, an MO must reliably interpret images containing quantum and anatomical noise under aliasing conditions. In this study of sampling parameters for simulated lung CT, the lesion-detection performance of human observers was compared with that of visual-search (VS) observers, a channelized nonprewhitening (CNPW) observer, and a channelized Hoteling (CH) observer. Scans of a mathematical torso phantom modeled single-slice parallel-hole CT with varying numbers of detector pixels and angular projections. Circular lung lesions had a fixed radius. Twodimensional FBP reconstructions were performed. A localization ROC study was conducted with the VS, CNPW and human observers, while the CH observer was applied in a location-known ROC study. Changing the sampling parameters had negligible effect on the CNPW and CH observers, whereas several VS observers demonstrated a sensitivity to sampling artifacts that was in agreement with how the humans performed.
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Zohreh Karbaschi and Howard C. Gifford "Visual-search model observer for assessing mass detection in CT", Proc. SPIE 10136, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 1013613 (10 March 2017);

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