A 2-axis compact microtranslator stage is describedl. It is part of a system including ultra-precision translation units and various controller options for digital programmable positioning or closed loop automatic alignment. Its design relies on a systematic application of flexure technology for guiding and transmission of movements, resulting in a considerable reduction of the adverse effects of backlash, friction and wear. A combination of monolithic planar elastic bodies allows for a translation in the xy plane with coupling between axes kept under 0.05 % over the entire 1000 x 1000 micron displacement range. The driving mechanism assembly consists of a prestressed bolt-screw pair acting on a rigid reduction lever with less than 0.03 % transmission non-linearity. All elementary displacement functions can be performed using dedicated microcontrollers for high performance DC motor position control with incremental angular encoders. The position within the entire xy field can thus be defined and maintained without additional electrical or optical feedback at 0.1 micron accuracy and 0.01 micron resolution. A description of the basic concepts, their implementation and the device performance is given, together with comments on the possibilities offered in this field.