27 March 2017 High-aspect ratio silicon structures by displacement Talbot lithography and Bosch etching
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Abstract
Despite the fact that the resolution of conventional contact/proximity lithography can reach feature sizes down to ~0.5- 0.6 micrometers, the accurate control of the linewidth and uniformity becomes already very challenging for gratings with periods in the range of 1-2 μm. This is particularly relevant for the exposure of large areas and wafers thinner than 300 μm. If the wafer or mask surface is not fully flat due to any kind of defects, such as bowing/warpage or remaining topography of the surface in case of overlay exposures, noticeable linewidth variations or complete failure of lithography step will occur. We utilized the newly developed Displacement Talbot lithography to pattern gratings with equal lines and spaces and periods in the range of 1.0 to 2.4 μm. The exposures in this lithography process do not require contact between the mask and the wafer, which makes it essentially insensitive to surface planarity and enables exposures with very high linewidth uniformity on thin and even slightly deformed wafers. We demonstrated pattern transfer of such exposures into Si substrates by reactive ion etching using the Bosch process. An etching depth of 30 μm or more for the whole range of periods was achieved, which corresponds to very high aspect ratios up to 60:1. The application of the fabricated gratings in phase contrast x-ray imaging is presented.
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Konstantins Jefimovs, Konstantins Jefimovs, Lucia Romano, Lucia Romano, Joan Vila-Comamala, Joan Vila-Comamala, Matias Kagias, Matias Kagias, Zhentian Wang, Zhentian Wang, Li Wang, Li Wang, Christian Dais, Christian Dais, Harun Solak, Harun Solak, Marco Stampanoni, Marco Stampanoni, } "High-aspect ratio silicon structures by displacement Talbot lithography and Bosch etching", Proc. SPIE 10146, Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIV, 101460L (27 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2258007; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2258007
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