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25 May 2017 Fabrication of MoS2 biosensor to detect lower-concentrated area of biological molecules(Conference Presentation)
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Two dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) materials have the growing potential to upstage graphene in the next generation of biosensors in detecting lower-concentrated areas of biomolecules. The current gold-standard detection method is the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), an immunological assay technique that makes use of an enzyme bonded to a particular antibody or antigen. However, this technique is not only bulky, labor-intensive, and time extensive, but more importantly, the ELISA has relatively low detection limits of only 600 femtomolar (fM). In this work, for the first time, we present a novel flexible, sensitive MoS2 (molybdenum disulfide) biosensor, as shown in Figure 1, composed of few-layer of MoS2 as the channel material, and flexible polyimide as the substrate. In order to nano-fabricate this flexible biosensor, we mechanically transferred a few layers of MoS2 onto the flexible substrate polyimide and photolithography to create a patterning on the surface, and as a result, we were able to create a transistor that used MoS2 as its conductance channel. We successfully fabricated this MoS2 biosensor onto a flexible polyimide substrate. Furthermore, the fabricated flexible MoS2 biosensor can be utilized for quantifying the time-dependent reaction kinetics of streptavidin-biotin binding. Figure 2 shows the transfer characteristics of flexible MoS2 biosensors measured under different concentrations of streptavidin. The flexible MoS2 biosensor could illustrate a faster detection time in matters of minutes, and higher sensitivity with detection limits as low as 10 fM. Time versus equilibrium constants will be presented in details.
Conference Presentation
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Erika Yang, Byunghoon Ryu, Hongsuk Nam, and Xiaogan Liang "Fabrication of MoS2 biosensor to detect lower-concentrated area of biological molecules(Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 10146, Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIV, 101461E (25 May 2017);

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